1972 - ceylon changes its name to sri lanka 1976 - liberation tigers of tamil eelam (ltte) founded to fight for tamil rights 1983 - start of civil war 2009 - ltte defeated, ending the war thought to have killed between 70,000 and 80,000 people.
In 1987, india's prime minister, rajiv gandhi, decided to directly intervene in the sri lankan civil war by sending peace-keepers india was concerned about separatism in its own tamil region, tamil nadu, as well as a potential flood of refugees from sri lanka. The guerilla army has been fighting for a separate tamil state in sri lanka's north and east, arguing that they have been victims of discrimination under successive majority buddhist sinhalese.
Timeline: history of the conflict in sri lanka the indian peace keeping forces left the ceasefire broke down and all-out war erupted between the sri lankan government and the ltte.
The sri lankan government has devoted as much as a quarter of the national budget to military spending sri lanka's 32 million tamils have close links to a larger population of tamils in southern india who have lent financial support to the cause. The sri lankan government today formally declared an end to the 25-year civil war after the army took control of the entire island and killed the leader of the tamil tigers sri lankan president mahinda rajapaksa this morning delivered a victory address to parliament, declaring that his country had been liberated from terrorism.
With a name that means great and beautiful island, sri lanka has a lot to offer in terms of industry and tourism nevertheless, the young country has seen a great deal of domestic conflict the backstory to sri lanka's civil war dates back to its independence from britain in 1948.
The civil war has killed nearly seventy thousand, and watchdog groups have accused both the ltte and the sri lankan military of human rights violations, including abduction, extortion, and the use of child soldiers.